The Goldrush of the s The goldrushes of the s made the Australian colonies world famous for mining. Gold was first discovered in New South Wales in by a public official named James McBrien while he was on a survey mission in hills near the Fish River east of Bathurst. The gold was sparse and McBrien’s record of his find was forgotten.

Other traces of gold were found in the following decades in New South Wales and in Victoria. Here he washed sand and gravel in a borrowed tin dish and of the six dishes he washed, all but one yielded a grain of gold. Hargraves’ efforts to publicise his find started the first goldrushes and others followed in Victoria, particularly at Ballarat and Bendigo. With news of the rushes, people began to emigrate to the Australian colonies and growing population enabled increased agricultural and industrial development.

By the s, Australia was producing almost 40 per cent of the world’s gold. Australia’s Mines in – In the s, Australia became an important producer of tin with the discovery of the metal at Mt.

In the latter years of the 19th Century, the first great mines were established: Copper and gold at Mt. Australia’s Mines in – In the early years of the 20th Century, mining activity in Australia began to decline despite a continued rise in the value of mineral production.

The only major finds of the first half of the century were lead, zinc and copper deposits at Mt Isa but their full potential was not realised until the s. Australia’s Mines in The Resources Boom Until the early s it was believed Australia lacked sufficient reserves of iron ore for domestic use. Once export controls of iron ore were lifted, the development of the Pilbara iron ore region in Western Australia commenced.

OZ Minerals keeps Carrapateena on track

Aided by information from the Bureau of Mineral Resources now Geoscience Australiathe pace of exploration was stepped up.