In either case, the kind of artificial price pump driven by this kind of hype is often followed by a price crash as the people behind it cash out at the higher price.

In a similar way, FUD can be deliberately spread in order to artificially drive down the price so that the people behind it can pick up cheap coins. It is always true in life, but doubly true when researching altcoins for trading, that you should always be skeptical of what you read, do your own research, and make up your own mind.

One of the biggest mistakes that penny stock traders make is to take profits on winners too soon, but keep hold of the losers until they are worthless. I have seen this a lot in cryptocurrency trading as well. In both of these niches it is common for the majority of your picks to lose money.

This may feel like a great profit, you may fear losing it and want to lock in the profit, or you may just get excited and impatient to realize your gains even though the price is still trending upwards.

At the same time, many traders become emotionally invested in what they buy, and find it hard to give up hope and sell even when it is clear that the price is going down, and in this way they end up losing most or all of the value of their investment when they could have cut their losses much earlier if they had taken a more rational approach.

One key difference between penny stocks and alternative digital currency is that the former may take years to realize a profit, whereas the cryptocurrency world is very fast paced indeed.

Update 2018

Retail penny stock traders may be able to pick out companies with potential and then only check back on them every few months — in fact from one month to the next there may be little or no new information to use for re-evaluating your position. In cryptocurrency this would not be a good idea at all. You should only get involved in a market like this is if you are ready and willing to spend a lot of time at your computer, regularly checking on price movements and the latest news, and changing your positions accordingly.

Understanding and Analyzing the Altcoin Markets There are two main ways to understand the altcoin markets, forecast the future direction of price movements and therefore pick good investments: Fundamental analysis attempts to determine the real value of something in order to determine whether it is undervalued or overvalued.

When it comes to trading altcoins this is more difficult, because they are generally very early in their development — so their value reflects potential future success rather than their current position. To a great extent you must rely on estimating the potential size of the market in the future and the chances that this potential will be fulfilled.